- Violence Against Children in Haiti: Findings From a National Survey 2012
- Haiti Qualitative Violence Against Children Survey
Haiti is the first country in the Caribbean and the first emergency-affected country to undertake the Violence Against Children Survey (VACS) following the earthquake in 2010. The Survey took place in 2012, and data provided through the VACS includes violence occurring in camps, as well as analysis of the risk of violence to children who are or have been domestic workers (restavek). A qualitative report on the Haiti VACS is complete, and the VACS data has been collected and analysed. The final report was launched in October 2014, with strong representation from across government ministries and civil society. Haiti is currently in the process of developing its response plan.
Key findings include:
- About 1 in 4 children experienced sexual abuse in childhood, with no significant difference between boys and girls. (26 percent of females and 21 percent of males aged 18-24, reporting on violence before 18). For both boys and girls, working as a restavek (domestic servant) was significantly associated with increased risk of sexual abuse; for boys, working for money or other payments also increased the risk of childhood sexual abuse.
- For girls, the most common perpetrator of the first incident of sexual abuse was a romantic partner (29 percent) or friend/classmate (23 percent), while for boys more than half (53 percent) reported that the first incident was perpetrated by a friend or classmate. Age gaps between children and perpetrators also varied for boys and girls; of those who reported sexual abuse before 18, females perceived the perpetrators to be five or more years older more than twice as often as males (78 vs 35 percent).
- 60 percent of females and 57 percent of males aged 18-24 reported experiencing physical violence during childhood. The perpetrator was e nearly three times more likely to be an adult household member (56 percent of females and 54 percent of males) than an authority figure such as a teacher, police officer or community leader.
- Forms of abuse commonly overlap; one third of females and one fourth of males reported multiple types of violence before they reached 18.
- 57 percent of females and 37 percent of males aged 18-24 who experienced sexual abuse as a child told someone about it, but only 10 percent of females and 7 percent of males received professional services after the abuse occurred. The rate was only slightly higher for incidents of physical violence (11 percent of females of 12 percent of males). The most commonly cited reason was that they did not want or need services, or did not think the incident was a problem.
Government: Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor (IBESR: Institute of well-being and Research; BSEPIH: Bureau of State Secretary for the integration of Disabled people; ONM: National Office of Migration); National Ministry of Education; Ministry of Justice (including the Police: BPM: Brigade for Protection of Minors); Ministry of Public Health and Population; Ministry of Women’s Affairs and Women’s Rights; Ministry of Culture; Ministry of Planning; Ministry of Interior
Non-Government: ENPAK( local CSO), IOM, Handicap International, HPP AKSE: Health Policy Project/ Aksyon pou Sekirite kont Eksplwatasyon (funded by USAID), University Research Cooperation.
Bilateral/Multilateral Organizations: USAID, CDC/DVP