The Zambia Health and Wellbeing Survey (H-Well) is the first national survey of violence against children in the country. The policy brief with key preliminary findings of Zambia’s H-WELL Survey was released in November 2015, and the final report will be launched in the third quarter of 2016. The findings were featured by UNICEF ESARO in the launch of the regional campaign on violence against children held in November 2015 in South Africa.
The key findings, reported by 18-24 year olds, include:
- 20 percent of females and 10 percent of males experienced sexual abuse prior to the age of 18; 12 percent of females and 4 percent of males reported experiencing physically forced or pressured sex prior to the age of 18;
- Among those who had sex before age 18, 26 percent of females and 5.6 percent of males described their first sexual intercourse as unwanted.
- About half of all children witnessed physical violence in the home;
- 34 percent of females and 40 percent of males experienced physical violence prior to the age of 18.
- Service usage after violence is extremely low. No females and 7 percent of males reported receiving services for any incident of sexual abuse occurring prior to age 18;
- Only 5 percent of females and 4 percent of males received services for any incident of physical abuse prior to age 18.
A three-day workshop among key ministries and civil society was held in November 2015 to produce core priority commitments, which will guide the elaboration of a full multi-sectoral national response plan in 2016.
Government: Ministry of Gender and Child Development (MGCD) in collaboration with Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health (MCDMCH), Central Statistical Office (CSO), the University of Zambia/Department of Population Studies (UNZA_DPS)
Non-Government: Save the Children International, Lifeline/Childline Zambia
Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations: UNICEF, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Violence Prevention (CDC/DVP)