Cambodia

Cambodia is the first country to undertake and launch the VACS in Southeast Asia. The VACS findings, along with key government commitments, were presented at a national launch on October 22, 2014 and included high-level representation from all involved ministries. Participants included the Deputy Prime Minister, Marta Santos Pais, Special Representative for the Secretary General on Violence Against Children, and many more key leaders.

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For an overview of the data found in Cambodia’s Violence Against Children Survey, download the Cambodia one-pager factsheet.

 

  

Key highlights include:

 

The average age of the first incident of sexual abuse was 15 for girls.

 

53% of girls reported experiencing physical violence before age 18.

 

5% of girls reported experiencing sexual abuse before the age of 18.

 

Only 51% of girls who reported experiencing childhood sexual abuse told anyone and only 39% of girls sought help

The average age of the first incident of sexual abuse was 10 for boys.

 

54% of boys reported experiencing physical violence before age 18.

 

6% of boys reported experiencing sexual abuse before the age of 18.

 

Only 21% of boys who reported experiencing childhood sexual abuse told anyone and only 6% of boys sought help.

4 out of 5 girls and 4 out of 5 boys reported multiple incidents of violence before the age of 18 years

Download the reports:

2013 - Violence Against Children in Cambodia: Findings from a National Survey - Full report (English)

2013 - Violence Against Children in Cambodia: Findings from a National Survey - Full report (Khmer)

2013 - Violence Against Children in Cambodia: Findings from a National Survey - Summary report (English)

2013 - Violence Against Children in Cambodia: Findings from a National Survey - Summary report (Khmer)

2013 - Violence Against Children in Cambodia: Qualitative report (English)

2013 - Violence Against Children in Cambodia: Qualitative report (Khmer)

Download the VACS Questionnaires:

Cambodia VACS Female Questionnaires

Cambodia VACS Male Questionnaire

Cambodia VACS Head of Household Questionnaire

In December 2015, Cambodia released the 'Economic Burden of the Health Consequences of Violence Against Children' report.

The report focuses on understanding the consequences of childhood violence and the economic costs incurred by Cambodia at large. The study shows that Cambodia lost at least US$ 168 million in 2013, or 1.1% of its GDP, as a result of the negative impact of some of the health consequences caused by violence against children. It also shows that loss of productivity attributed to childhood violence in 2013 totaled US$ 83.3 million, accounting for 0.55% of the country’s GDP. The study findings emphasize the need for investment to strengthen the national child protection system as well as budget allocations and investments in the prevention of and response to violence against children.

2015 - The Economic Burden of the Health Consequences of Violence Against Children in Cambodia (English)

2015 - The Economic Burden of the Health Consequences of Violence Against Children in Cambodia (Khmer)

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The Government of Cambodia has made a number of commitments in response to the data. These will form the basis of a costed, national multi-sectoral action plan to prevent and respond to violence against children in Cambodia. The country’s commitments span across sectors, with gender-sensitive strategies integrated into sectoral goals, cross-ministry coordination, and attention to the participation of children.

Learn more:

2017 - Action Plan to Prevent and Respond to Violence Against Children 2017-2021 (English)

2017 - Clinical Handbook: Health Care for Children Subjected to Violence or Sexual Abuse (English)

2017 - Clinical Handbook: Health Care for Children Subjected to Violence or Sexual Abuse (Khmer)

2014 - Core Commitments to Prevent and Respond to Violence Against Children in Cambodia (English)

2014 - Core Commitments to Prevent and Respond to Violence Against Children in Cambodia (Khmer)

Examples of commitments include:

  • The code involves increasing the number of Judicial Police Agents at the district level and increasing their capacity and skills on counseling and case management for responding to violence against children.
  • Specifically in the social and child welfare system at the national and sub-national levels, and the creation of a gender-sensitive child abuse complaint and reporting mechanism.
  • Especially into early childhood care and development guidelines for parent and caregiver education.
  • And also ensure the Cambodian National Police’ Professional Code of Ethics includes child protection standards.

The National AIDS Authority will mainstream and integrate zero tolerance of violence against children into the national Three Zeroes strategy to respond to HIV and AIDS. In addition to their work on designing and implementing national actions as part of the VACS process, Cambodia is one of the focus countries for the United States Government Action Plan on Children in Adversity, and is also working to align data and actions on gender-based violence and violence against children.

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Partners are currently working to prevent and respond to violence through advocacy and public awareness efforts. Stay tuned for updates!

Cambodia Partners:

Bilateral/Multilateral Organizations: Government of Canada, UNICEF EAPRO, UN Women/Partners for Prevention, UNDP, UNFPA, CDC, WHO, UNAIDS, USAID

 

Members of the Cambodia VACS Steering Committee: Ministry of Women’s Affairs (MoWA), Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation (MoSVY), National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning (NIS/MoP), Ministry of Education – Youth and Sport, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Justice, Cambodian National Council for Children, National AIDS Authority, Ministry of Cults and Religion, Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training, Ministry of Information, UNICEF Cambodia

 

Non-Government: Social Services of Cambodia, First Step Cambodia, Save the Children, Plan International, World Vision, Friends International

PARTNERS