This study conducted nationally representative, multistage cluster Violence Against Children Surveys in Haiti, Kenya, and Cambodia among males aged 13 to 24-years. Differences between countries for boys experiencing sexual violence (including sexual touching, attempted sex, and forced/coerced sex) before age 18 years were examined by using χ2 and logistic regression analyses.
Adverse health effects associated with violence were common, including increased odds of transactional sex, alcohol abuse, sexually transmitted infections, anxiety/depression, suicidal ideation/attempts, and violent gender attitudes.
Explore the full article: Childhood sexual violence against boys: A Study in three countries.
CDC Research brief: Sexual violence against boys is common and associated with physical and mental health consequences
Nearly one in four (23%) boys in Haiti experienced any form of sexual violence in childhood, compared to 15% in Kenya and 6% in Cambodia.
In Haiti, the most common perpetrators were friends or neighbors (65%).
In Kenya, the most common perpetrators were romantic partners (37%).
In Cambodia, the most common perpetrators were relatives (37%).
Most incidents of sexual violence against boys happened in the perpetrators’ or victims’ homes in Haiti (60%), compared with outside the home in Kenya (65%) and Cambodia (52%).
Victims of sexual violence experienced more health problems, including sexually transmitted infections, anxiety and depression, and thoughts of suicide and suicide attempts than non-victims.
Victims also reported more attitudes that are favorable to violence against women compared with non-victims, and were more likely to have sex with others in exchange for goods or services than non-victims.
What is added by this report?
This study found that although there were some differences across the three countries, the devastating effects of sexual violence on health were evident across the countries. The findings in this study suggest that prevention and response strategies that are tailored to the local context are needed to help meet the unique needs of each country and location.