Zimbabwe’s first Violence Against Children Survey was completed in 2012. In 2017, the Government of Zimbabwe repeated the VACS. They published the second report in 2019.

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For an overview of the data found in Zimbabwe’s Violence Against Children Survey, download the Zimbabwe one-pager factsheet.


Key highlights include:


9% of girls experienced sexual violence in childhood.


Of those who had their sexual debut prior to age 18, nearly 17% of girls’ first sexual intercourse was unwanted.


61% of girls told someone about experiencing sexual violence.


17% of girls experienced physical violence in childhood.

1% of boys experienced sexual violence in childhood.


23% of boys experienced physical violence in childhood.

Download the report:

2019: Young Adult Survey of Zimbabwe A Violence Against Children Study

Please do not use or reference HIV prevalence indicators, as they are currently under review.

2011: National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents Report in Zimbabwe

Download the questionnaires:

2011 Zimbabwe VACS Female Questionnaire

2011 Zimbabwe VACS Male Questionnaire

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Zimbabwe integrated the findings of the National Baseline Survey into a multi-sectoral protocol to address child abuse and sexual violence. In October 2014, the Government of Zimbabwe and the Ministry of Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development launched its first ever National Girls’ and Young Women’s Empowerment Framework, which details the Government’s commitment to empowering girls and young women to contribute to the country’s economic future and development. Zimbabwe is also working on a cost benefit analysis of child protection.

Learn more:

2012 - Protocol on the Multi-Sectoral Management of Sexual Abuse and Violence in Zimbabwe

2014 - National Girls’ and Young Women’s Empowerment Framework in Zimbabwe

Steps taken include:

  • for children who have experienced physical and/or sexual abuse.
  • “Places of safety” are temporary foster homes for homeless children, in 14 districts.
  • through social cash transfers to extremely poor, labor-constrained households.
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Partners are currently working to prevent and respond to violence through advocacy and public awareness efforts. Stay tuned for updates!

Zimbabwe Partners:

Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations: UNICEF, UNFPA, UNAIDS, WHO, USAID, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Division of Violence Prevention (CDC/DVP)


Government: Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZimStats), Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Ministry of Labour and Social Services, Ministry of Education, Sports, Arts and Culture, Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Gender and Community Development, Zimbabwe Republic Police Victim Friendly Unit, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Justice and Legal Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Local Government, Rural and Urban Development, Ministry of Youth Development, Indigenization and Empowerment, Ministry of Media Information and Publicity, National AIDS Council.


Non-Government: Collaborative Center for Operational Research and Evaluation (CCORE), the Nduna Foundation, and the International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch (CDC/IERHB)