Darkness to Light believes that violence prevention is possible and that it is an adult responsibility to protect children.
Darkness to Light is a non-profit committed to empowering adults to prevent child sexual abuse. Their work is guided by the vision of a world free from child sexual abuse, where children can grow up happy, healthy, and safe.
In this Expert’s Take, we shared questions with Katelyn Brewer, President and CEO of Darkness to Light. She discussed how during the COVID-19 pandemic, adults can modify their approach to protect kids and prevent child abuse.
Katelyn Brewer: The unfortunate reality for some children is that home is not safe under normal conditions. However, according to a 2019 study, stress associated with a disaster, or in this case a pandemic, can lead to higher rates of both domestic violence and child abuse. Children may be quarantined with their abuser. School and after school activities served as a much-needed reprieve and access to a safe adult. COVID-19 has forced those students to be separated from educators and administrators, responsible for 52% of child abuse reports in the US.
We know from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Study, that without the support of caring and competent adults, stress can become toxic for children, with profound effects on brain structures and functions that develop later in childhood.
Katelyn Brewer: Even though kids may not be going to classrooms, camps, and extracurricular activities, you can still be a safe adult for them. If you have contact with them virtually or via phone, ask some open-ended questions to gauge their reaction. You can create a code word they can use if something is wrong. For kids who may not have internet access or you can’t get in touch with, do a drive-by of their house and see if you can check-in from afar.
The Mood Meter App is a great way to check-in on kids’ emotions and what is going on with them. Another idea is to have kids keep a journal on what they are noticing, witnessing, feeling, and experiencing. To help protect kids from sexual abuse and minimize opportunity, it’s important to prevent isolation, keep situations interruptible, and set expectations. These 3 things can be applied to any situation, in-person or virtually.
Katelyn Brewer: That it is preventable. That the effects of child sexual abuse can lead to prevalent lifelong health issues, and if we prevent child sexual abuse, we can help dramatically reduce depression, suicide attempts, substance abuse, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
Katelyn Brewer: There are actionable steps you can take as a parent or caregiver towards preventing and responding to sexual abuse and creating safer environments for children. Darkness to Light’s 5 Steps to Protecting Children™ is a guide for developing protective behaviors against abuse.
The 5 Steps are: Learn the Facts, Minimize Opportunity, Talk About It, Recognize the Signs, and React Responsibly. Let your kids know you are there for them and that they can tell you anything and you will believe them.
Katelyn Brewer: Talking openly about our bodies and healthy boundaries with kids helps to build a strong bond that will make you the “go-to-person” when they have questions or if a situation arises. If you are feeling unsure, take a deep breath!
The most important thing is to make sure your kids understand that no matter what happens, they can share with you without fear of being blamed and that you will protect them. Here are some tips to get started.
Katelyn Brewer: In response to the unique challenge of keeping kids safe during this time, Darkness to Light launched a new training, Protecting Children During a Crisis. This training is specifically designed to help parents and caregivers navigate through the unusual circumstances they may be facing our current global health crisis. The training is provided at no cost, takes 30 minutes, and can be taken online.
Through Darkness to Light’s partnership with an advocate and champion gymnast, Aly Raisman, individuals can take the Stewards of Children® prevention training at no cost Learn to prevent, recognize, and react responsibly to child sexual abuse Use the code FLIPTHESWITCH at https://fliptheswitchcampaign.org/.
Additionally, learn more about the Darkness to Light intervention highlighted in “What Works to Prevent Sexual Violence Against Children” in our Solutions Spotlight of the Stewards of Training program.