While Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) was the first country surveyed and served as a prototype, all future surveys have included boys’ experiences. For more information from the Eswatini VACS, read 10 Things that Everyone Should Know About Violence Against Children in Eswatini.

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For an overview of the data found in Eswatini’s Violence Against Children Survey, download the Eswatini one-pager factsheet.


Key highlights include:


38% of girls experienced sexual violence in childhood.


Almost 43% of girls and women who reported any incident of sexual violence had two or more incidents before they reached age 18.


1 in 4 girls and young women reported experiencing physical violence prior to age 18. Of these, 65% described the perpetrator as being violent multiple times.


Sexual violence was associated with significantly increased probability of depression, thoughts of suicide, unintended pregnancy, pregnancy complications or miscarriages, and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS.

Download the report:

2007 - Violence Against Children in Swaziland: Findings from a National Survey

Download the questionnaire:

VACS Swaziland Female Questionnaire

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Eswatini undertook the Violence Against Girls Survey (VACS) in 2007. The first of its kind, the survey focused on sexual, physical and emotional violence against female children and young adults between the ages of 13 and 24, and the objectives were to describe the epidemiology of the violence (i.e. patterns and distribution of the violence), and to identify potential risk and protective factors.

Several important steps taken include:

Passed the Children’s Protection and Welfare Bill and the Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence Bill in 2011.

  • within the eSwatini police and established Child-Friendly Corners in all 24 police stations.
  • at the primary and secondary school level to build girls social assets and change attitudes about violence.
  • In May 2014, the Government of eSwatini hosted the first Violence Against Children Global Meeting: “From Research to Action: Advancing Prevention and Response to Violence Against Children”, where participants from 20 countries engaged with the VACS process met to discuss progress, research on what works to prevent and respond to violence, and next steps.
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Partners are currently working to prevent and respond to violence through advocacy and public awareness efforts. Stay tuned for updates!

eSwatini Partners:

Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations: UNICEF, UNFPA, UNAIDS, WHO, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Division of Violence Prevention (CDC/DVP), USAID


Government: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, Central Statistics Office, Royal eSwatini Police


Non-Government: Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse, Save the Children, World Vision, and National Emergency Response Council on HIV and AIDS